The C93 Borchardt automatic pistol and it's 7.65x25mm cartridge date from 1893.
7.65x25mm Borchardt With The Similar 7.63x25mm Mauser Round.
- and are said to be The First commercially successful early auto pistols & cartridges..
C 93 BORCHARDT Self Loading Pistol.
The Borchardt was soon followed by the very popular and widely used Mauser C 96 "Broom-Handle" pistol firing a very similar 'bottleneck' .309" diameter bullet & cartridge known as the 7.63x25mm Mauser - that was a somewhat up-loaded iteration to achieve 1,450 foot per second.
Famous historic gun fighters and combat pistol instructors Fairbairn & Sykes of the Shanghai Municipal Police in the 1920s noted that the C 96 Mauser was much feared by the Chinese underworld for causing hideous wounds when it struck bone. - British aristocrat / warrior Winston Spencer Churchill saved his life in battle while shooting his personal 7.65 mm Mauser empty against "Dervish" warriors at the Battle of Obdurman - Sudan 1898.
These are hard hitting velocities from these early 'thirty-two caliber' rounds. - The Shanghai Municipal Police had two levels of 'bullet proof vests" - the "Mauser-Proof" vests weighed five pounds more than the standard 22 pound vests.
Mauser C 96 Broomhandle.
Link to Hickok 45 shooting a war relic C 96:
Luger Parabellum In 7.65x21mm Caliber.
Then came the Russians with their enhanced version of the earlier round in 1930 - now known as the 7.62x25mm Tokarev cartridge that screams along at up to 1,720 foot per second.
Tokarev TT-33 Pistol.
Each of these excellent hard-hitting bottleneck 'thirty-twos' can out-perform 'forty-fives' in many areas - particularly in flat-shooting, penetration and bone smashing power.
It does seem that these European man-stoppers will always fail to join the Western Hero with a .45" image perpetuated by Hollywood and the US Firearms Sales and Advertising community.
The arrival of the 327 Federal Magnum round has signaled to modern revolver shooters that 'thirty-twos' don't fit the prevailing image of weak & wet mouse guns.
In my next post I will show traditionalist shooters how they can upgrade the ballistic performance of a "1911" pistol by fitting an aftermarket barrel that permits use of a bottle-neck .32" caliber cartridge. 😇